Happy November! It’s time to begin thinking about pest management for next year, especially for folks who struggled with LDD moth in 2020-2021. Here are some free webinars to keep you updated on the situation.
The hemlock woolly adelgid has been found in Fort Erie. If you are in this area, do not move hemlock or any type of firewood to prevent further spread.
What is HWA?
HHWA is similar to aphids in that they suck fluid from their hosts. They feed on cells storing nutrients and water at the base of hemlock needles, causing the needles to die. There are two forms of the insect, each of which lay up to 300 eggs each year. This can result in exponential population growth due to the absence of natural enemies.
The Ontario Maple Syrup Producers’ Association (OMSPA) is pleased to announce the launch of a new event in Ontario, Fall in Love with Maple. This event includes participating sugarbushes from nearly 40 locations across Ontario and is a wonderful opportunity for people to get out and see the fall colours in some of the most beautiful locations in the province. For a full list of participating producers, click here.
For more information, contact:
John Williams, Executive Director
Zimmer Air LDD Moth (Gypsy Moth) 2022 Spray Program Open For Registration
If you’re interested in spraying your woodlot for LDD moth (formerly known as gypsy moth; LDD stands for “Lymantria dispar dispar“, the moth’s Latin name), Zimmer Air has just opened their application process. Note that Zimmer is looking to spray larger blocks compared to last year, and applications for spraying must be submitted earlier.
IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE FOUND THIS PEST, PLEASE REPORT IT TO CFIA BY CLICKING HERE. OR Call: 1-800-442-2342
Here’s a pest you have been hearing about more and more, the Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula). It is not a fly, but a planthopper. In the Order Hemiptera, Family Fulgoridae. It is actually a much stronger hopper than it is a flyer. They may remind you of frogs they way they sit and hop around. Found recently in the US and now spreading rapidly across several states, Spotted Lanternfly is a pest we are actively looking for in Ontario.
The Forest Health Network and the Invasive Species Centre will be hosting a free Gypsy Moth webinar on Thursday June 10th, 2021 at 7pm.
The purpose is to update woodlot owners and homeowners on the current status of the Gypsy Moth hatch and provide a forecast on what to expect this summer. The agenda also includes a Zimmer Air Services Spray Program Update.
Most woodlot owners are familiar with the emerald ash borer (EAB). This invasive insect attacks all five species of ash present in Ontario, and has been shown to kill an estimated 97% of ash trees as they move through an area. Landowners and foresters have responded with various management techniques, many of which include the removal of ash trees. Many folks have adopted the long-term view of encouraging woodlot resiliency; that is, reducing ash tree stocking and encouraging the residual stocking and regeneration of other species.
The 2021 maple syrup season is officially over. Unusually, most of the province ended around the same time, with the last producers finishing up yesterday. Many will be busy cleaning equipment this week. Producers were saying that this year was the toughest year on record, with the exception of 2012. Several remarked on the unusual dryness of their sugar bushes.
Sap sugar content was lower than average throughout the season, leading to some producers running sap multiple times through the RO, and evaporators working overtime.
Buddy syrup did show up, but for the majority of producers who were able to continue through to this week, it seemed to be continuous warm weather stopping sap flow that ended many production seasons, rather than buddy flavour.
Includes what buddy is, what causes it, and the results of some interesting research that could help you get rid of buddy syrup even after you’ve made it.
Before 2020, there has been no way to get rid of the buddy flavour in finished maple syrup. However, researchers at Centre ACER in Québec may have found a method. Before attempting it, remember that this is still new research and there is no guarantee that it will work for you. Make sure to try it on a small scale, such as in a 5L quantity, before expending too much time, fuel, and resources.
Here are the instructions if you’d like to try it for yourself:
Boil 5L of buddy maple syrup for 2 hours at 104.5°C
Continually add ultrapure or RO permeate water at a rate of approximately 76mL/minute to keep the boiling point and syrup concentration constant. It is better to maintain syrup at slightly higher Brix (above 66 but below 68.9) to prevent mould formation.
Taste the syrup at the 60-minute mark; syrups with less buddy flavour may not need the full 2-hour treatment
Store treated syrup for 12 months before re-taste-testing, in case the buddy flavour compounds re-form
Again remember that there is no guarantee that this method will work for you. However, I would be interested to hear if anybody tries it! You can email me (email@example.com) with any findings.
Includes information on cleaning, sanitizing, and rinsing bucket and tubing systems (both gravity and vacuum). Syrup producers are tired after a trying season, but timely cleanup will be well worth your efforts.