Cost-Share Funding Alert: Canadian Agricultural Partnership Intake is Open

(Adapted from ONFloriculture)

Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) funding is open from now until 5pm on December 6, 2021.

Some quick facts:

  • CAP offers cost-share funding to support farmers, processors, and other businesses
  • Cost-share percentages range from 35%-50%
  • Depending on the project, CAP will cover from $1,500 to $50,000 of project-eligible expenses
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Upcoming forest pest webinars

Happy November! It’s time to begin thinking about pest management for next year, especially for folks who struggled with LDD moth in 2020-2021. Here are some free webinars to keep you updated on the situation.

LDD Moth Webinar: A review of our 2021 experience, and a look forward to 2022

Wednesday Dec 1, 2021, 7-8pm EST

Hosted by the Forest Health Network. Tune in for a situation update, getting ready for 2022, and management from urban and woodlot perspectives.

Agenda:

  • An introduction to the pest and its impact, and getting ready for 2022 (Eric Boysen)
  • A forester’s perspective on LDD management in oak woodlands (Fraser Smith)
  • Dealing with LDD issues in an urban environment (Jason Pollard)
  • Aerial spraying to combat LDD – background and planning considerations (Paul Zimmer)
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Hemlock Woolly Adelgid and Online Workshops

Hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) discovered in Ontario

The hemlock woolly adelgid has been found in Fort Erie. If you are in this area, do not move hemlock or any type of firewood to prevent further spread.

What is HWA?

HHWA is similar to aphids in that they suck fluid from their hosts. They feed on cells storing nutrients and water at the base of hemlock needles, causing the needles to die. There are two forms of the insect, each of which lay up to 300 eggs each year. This can result in exponential population growth due to the absence of natural enemies.

White cottony balls of hemlock woolly adelgid at the base of needles on a hemlock branch.
HWA nymphs and adults clustered at the base of hemlock needles. Photo: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station Archive, Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station / © Bugwood.org, CC BY 3.0 us, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=8339006
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Updates from Around the Province

The bite of fall is in the air! Here is a collection of upcoming events, deadlines, and funding opportunities from around the province.

Sugar maple samaras and leaves in autumn; leaves are red and brown.

Fall in Love with Maple

Date: Sept. 25 to Oct. 3, 2021

The Ontario Maple Syrup Producers’ Association (OMSPA) is pleased to announce the launch of a new event in Ontario, Fall in Love with Maple. This event includes participating sugarbushes from nearly 40 locations across Ontario and is a wonderful opportunity for people to get out and see the fall colours in some of the most beautiful locations in the province. For a full list of participating producers, click here.

For more information, contact:

John Williams, Executive Director

admin@ontariomaple.com

613-258-2294

Zimmer Air LDD Moth (Gypsy Moth) 2022 Spray Program Open For Registration

If you’re interested in spraying your woodlot for LDD moth (formerly known as gypsy moth; LDD stands for “Lymantria dispar dispar“, the moth’s Latin name), Zimmer Air has just opened their application process. Note that Zimmer is looking to spray larger blocks compared to last year, and applications for spraying must be submitted earlier.

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University of Vermont Maple Management Webinars

The University of Vermont’s maple team is running a series of free webinars every 2 weeks spanning from July-October 2021.

Topics include:

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You Are Ontario’s Early Warning System: Spotted Lanternfly NYMPHS!

Original posted to onnurserycrops.com by Jennifer Llewellyn, OMAFRA Nursery and Landscape Specialist.

IF YOU THINK YOU HAVE FOUND THIS PEST, PLEASE REPORT IT TO CFIA BY CLICKING HERE. OR Call: 1-800-442-2342

4 photos of spotted lanternfly, top two are a black and red nymph, and bottom two are colourful adults.
Spotted lanternfly nymphs (top row) and adults (bottom row). info.nc.agr.com

Here’s a pest you have been hearing about more and more, the Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula).  It is not a fly, but a planthopper. In the Order Hemiptera, Family Fulgoridae.  It is actually a much stronger hopper than it is a flyer.  They may remind you of frogs they way they sit and hop around. Found recently in the US and now spreading rapidly across several states,  Spotted Lanternfly is a pest we are actively looking for in Ontario.

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Gypsy Moth Webinar on June 10, 2021

The Forest Health Network and the Invasive Species Centre will be hosting a free Gypsy Moth webinar on Thursday June 10th, 2021 at 7pm.

The purpose is to update woodlot owners and homeowners on the current status of the Gypsy Moth hatch and provide a forecast on what to expect this summer. The agenda also includes a Zimmer Air Services Spray Program Update.

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Seeking Feedback on Black Ash Protection and Recovery

Most woodlot owners are familiar with the emerald ash borer (EAB). This invasive insect attacks all five species of ash present in Ontario, and has been shown to kill an estimated 97% of ash trees as they move through an area. Landowners and foresters have responded with various management techniques, many of which include the removal of ash trees. Many folks have adopted the long-term view of encouraging woodlot resiliency; that is, reducing ash tree stocking and encouraging the residual stocking and regeneration of other species.

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April 7, 2021 Maple Syrup Production Report

Sap Flow Overview

The 2021 maple syrup season is officially over. Unusually, most of the province ended around the same time, with the last producers finishing up yesterday. Many will be busy cleaning equipment this week. Producers were saying that this year was the toughest year on record, with the exception of 2012. Several remarked on the unusual dryness of their sugar bushes.

Sap sugar content was lower than average throughout the season, leading to some producers running sap multiple times through the RO, and evaporators working overtime.

Buddy syrup did show up, but for the majority of producers who were able to continue through to this week, it seemed to be continuous warm weather stopping sap flow that ended many production seasons, rather than buddy flavour.

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UPDATED: Information on the End of the Season

[note the updated instructions for removing buddy flavour]

This short season will be coming to a close soon for even our northern producers. Check out some new information pages available on the following end-of-season topics:

Buddy Syrup

Includes what buddy is, what causes it, and the results of some interesting research that could help you get rid of buddy syrup even after you’ve made it.

Before 2020, there has been no way to get rid of the buddy flavour in finished maple syrup. However, researchers at Centre ACER in Québec may have found a method. Before attempting it, remember that this is still new research and there is no guarantee that it will work for you. Make sure to try it on a small scale, such as in a 5L quantity, before expending too much time, fuel, and resources.

Here are the instructions if you’d like to try it for yourself:

  • Boil 5L of buddy maple syrup for 2 hours at 104.5°C
  • Continually add ultrapure or RO permeate water at a rate of approximately 76mL/minute to keep the boiling point and syrup concentration constant. It is better to maintain syrup at slightly higher Brix (above 66 but below 68.9) to prevent mould formation.
  • Taste the syrup at the 60-minute mark; syrups with less buddy flavour may not need the full 2-hour treatment
  • Store treated syrup for 12 months before re-taste-testing, in case the buddy flavour compounds re-form

Again remember that there is no guarantee that this method will work for you. However, I would be interested to hear if anybody tries it! You can email me (jenny.liu2@ontario.ca) with any findings.

Method adapted from Camara et al. 2019.

Cleaning Collection Equipment

Includes information on cleaning, sanitizing, and rinsing bucket and tubing systems (both gravity and vacuum). Syrup producers are tired after a trying season, but timely cleanup will be well worth your efforts.

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